2021 Segmentation Strategy: Is it Time for a Refresh?
January 28, 2021Chelsea Schafer Kaitlin McMenemon-Taraby
Segmentation is all about who you target, where you reach them, and how you talk to them — but after a tumultuous 2020, consumer values, behaviors, and attitudes have shifted. Here’s how to know if your brand needs a segmentation refresh — and the best way to get the job done.
When the pandemic hit last spring, segmentations were the one type of work we unequivocally paused — we knew it wasn’t in the best interest of our clients to move forward with such foundational, strategy-driving work at a time when so much was highly uncertain. Since late last year, however — when the world found some sure footing for the first time in a long time — we’ve been hearing a lot of segmentation talk among our clients, with a higher-than-usual number of them launching into new projects. There are two clear reasons for this:
#1. Some brands were already in need of a new or refreshed segmentation when COVID-19 struck, and now they’re feeling even further behind.
#2. Others have a segmentation that they felt good about, but now believe — because of everything that happened in 2020 — that there’s been a fundamental shift in the mindsets, behaviors, and lifestyles of the segments they’re trying hardest to reach. (Or that recent growth resulting from disruption has driven new types of customers into their category).
This makes a lot of sense. Ultimately, segmentation is about dimensionalizing people by their core values. The public health, economic, and social crises we all faced last year tested those values — and in many cases changed them. Those changed values in turn affect how people perceive the brands they engage with. For instance, 56% of people will now stop buying their preferred brands if they don’t do good things for their employees.
In other words, 2020 pressure tested the values of an entire population — and organizations need to understand how the outcome will affect their marketing and brand strategy (and growth strategy, product strategy, etc). They need to be sure of their core targets and learn how to reach and engage them more meaningfully.
What hasn’t changed, thankfully, is how to successfully tackle a segmentation refresh — the fundamentals are the same. Which is why we felt the time was right to dust off and update an earlier post that details the process, offering helpful tips along the way. Read on to learn the key drivers and barriers of a successful segmentation refresh, what you need to do to prepare, and how you can best execute.
When and How to Tackle a Segmentation Refresh
A great customer segmentation framework is an engine that drives strategy across your organization — everything from marketing campaigns and media planning to innovation and new product development. However, like an actual engine, it won’t run smoothly forever. Given category shifts, evolving consumer needs, and changing customer expectations, the shelf life for a segmentation is typically three to five years. COVID-19 and the other crises we faced in 2020 only accelerated that timeline, of course.
If company stakeholders are encountering larger obstacles — for example, not knowing which segment to target due to the lack of a good fit — then there might be active problems with your existing segmentation. In such cases, a simple refresh might not be enough to make it effective. On the other hand, if your segmentation framework is just feeling a little out of step with the post-COVID landscape, a refresh could be exactly what your brand needs.
Concrete Reasons to Refresh Your Customer Segmentation Framework
Not sure if your brand would benefit from a refresh? Here are some major reasons to consider updating your segmentation strategy:
- Information gaps: You’re missing key information that you need to activate your segments.
- Outdated/undifferentiated segments: You’re dealing with segments that behave too similarly to one another, or segments defined by tensions that are no longer relevant to your category or business.
- Ineffective typing tool: Your typing tool isn’t effectively identifying your target audience.
- Major shifts in category demand: The turbulence of the last year brought new groups of people to your category, and you need to understand who they are and what matters to them. Or, some people have moved away from your category, and you need to know who remains and what you can do to win back those who’ve left.
Of course, there are a few barriers that could make the process a rough one if you don’t plan ahead. The key is to not let potential speed bumps like these stand in the way:
- Entrenched socialization: Your target audience has been well-socialized across the organization, and teams are used to thinking about a particular segment when making a business decision.
- Entrenched segmentation dimensions: Similarly, teams might be used to thinking about consumers in relation to whatever underlying dimension supports your existing segmentation (e.g., high vs. low service expectations). In this case, a new dimension could confuse things.
- Current projects: Is there a major research study underway that’s using the current segmentations? Would an update impact the timeline or usability of the final results?
Hopefully, people across your organization are accustomed to the need for fast change brought on by the difficulties of the last year, and are able and willing to collaborate on preventing/solving the above problems. If not, however, the sections below will help you make sure obstacles don’t impede your progress.
How to Prepare for Your Segmentation Refresh
Once you’ve made the decision to move forward with a segmentation refresh, there are a few important things you should do to prepare:
- Be precise about your goals: Is it important that you be able to tag your database with refreshed segments? Or would you rather be able to layer in rich attitudinal metrics? Does the new segmentation need to identify key jobs to be done that your offering could be a match for? Or is it more useful for your marketing team to understand the demographic and psychographic profile of target consumers? Knowing your key needs upfront will help your team ensure that the refresh is set up for success from the very beginning.
- Earn stakeholder buy-in: Often, the biggest hurdles in the segmentation refresh process come after the work is done. Teams across your organization will understandably feel tied to your earlier segmentation, no matter how clearly it needed to be updated. After all, it’s what they’ve known for a long time. They’re used to it. Again, you should hope for willing collaborators — but successful change management always requires that you sit down with key stakeholders before you get underway on a major segmentation refresh. Use the time to identify what is and isn’t working for them, get their buy-in on a refresh, and hear directly from them what has been helpful so you can carry that through to the next generation of the segmentation.
Strategies to Execute On a New Segmentation Strategy
Once you and your team have properly prepared, it’s time to move forward with your segmentation refresh. Here’s how:
This might sound obvious, but it’s crucial to front-load your strategic thinking. The more focused your efforts are at the beginning of the project, the more useful your end product will be. Key ways to start smart include:
- Stakeholder interviews: Conduct stakeholder interviews to make sure segmentation end-users have a voice in the process. What do they want the refreshed segment to be able to do? What was/wasn’t working in the earlier iteration?
- Upfront qualitative research: Online SmartCommunities, focus groups, and ethnographic interviews can help you uncover the key tensions and emotional nuances that differentiate consumers. (And to keep everyone safe, check out our guide to mastering online qual).
- Deep hypothesizing: Segmentations are only as good as the inputs that create them — and for strong inputs, you need a robust questionnaire that effectively captures relevant attitudes and behaviors. To ensure analysis is as targeted as possible, hold a collaborative hypothesis-generation session. Get all the ideas about what segments you might find out on the table.
Amplify impact with multiple data streams
Now that we have access to behavioral data that records actual consumer actions, it’s never been easier to tie the “what” and the “why” together. Leveraging third-party data can help identify which segments should be your priority, plus make your segments more targetable.
Think beyond the analysis
The work isn’t done when you’ve identified and profiled key segments — or at least it shouldn’t be. By building downstream activation into your project scope, you can help keep the momentum moving and make sure teams know how and when to activate against your new target segments. Downstream activation can include things like:
- Communication plan development: Identify historically successful employee communications to map out a message hierarchy, determine specific tools for each audience, and create a launch calendar.
- Cultural Segment TrendScan: Future-proof your segments by identifying macrotrends and cultural shifts impacting your target segments.
A New Start: Refreshing Your Segmentation Strategy in 2021
All of this might sound daunting, especially after the difficulties you faced in 2020, but the new year presents a great opportunity to make sure your current segmentation framework is truly serving your business — and we’d love to help. If you want to learn more about how to tackle a segmentation refresh, let us know.